Category: Excel vba set range variable

03.11.2020

Excel vba set range variable

By Mitaxe

VBA Set basically helps us in avoiding repetitive input of range we need to select while executing the code. Watch our Demo Courses and Videos. Suppose we would like to select a range and set it as fix range so as to avoid the repetition. Below is the cell range containing the names:. First, declare a subset as Sub name and press enter and you will see a subset created as shown below:. This is by default feature of excel.

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Type Dim variable name and variable type. Here, the name will be like the identity of the range and type would be whether as Integer, Long, String, Range, etc. This will alert the system that, a range selection would be done. Hence, type select as Rnst. Select Refer screenshot below:. Suppose we want to paste these cells or range in another cell.

We shall use the same code as above and add code for pasting that data in multiple columns. Step 1: Now we will copy the range of cells which is the name column. Type copy i. It contains various functions like copy, paste, etc.

Once, you execute this copy function, you will see that in excel the range is copied and dotted lines appear around the cell range as shown below:. If 5 then 1 to 5 else whichever count you prefer. Suppose we want to start pasting from column B2 and then pasting the data should be dynamic i. And as and when i value increases it will keep selecting adjacent columns one by one. After repeating loop completes you will see the data pasted 5 times i.Learn anything from creating dashboards to automating tasks with VBA code!

A huge turning point for me when I was teaching myself how to write VBA was being able to create dynamic code. This meant I didn't have to go into my macros and change range addresses in my code every time the size of my data changed which was typically every day.

All of these code snippets have advantages and disadvantages, so make sure you pick the one that works for your particular situation. The UsedRange method creates a range that includes every cell that contains data in it on the spreadsheet. It is vital that you refresh recalculate the UsedRange before using it as the method will pick up ghost cells cells that had values in them and you used the Delete key to remove the values. Manually you can do this by saving your spreadsheet or you can use the command shown in the below code to refresh with VBA.

Select End Sub. If the last cell in the first row or the last cell in the first column are empty, this code will not calculate properly. Cells sht. Count, StartCell. End xlUp. Cells StartCell. Row, sht. End xlToLeft. Range StartCell, sht. Cells LastRow, LastColumn. This example uses the CurrentRegion method. CurrentRegion tries to calculate the range associated with a cell reference by analyzing the surrounding cells.

If there is a completely blank row or blank column, CurrentRegion stops looking and assumes that you were only wanting the data that was connected with your starting point.

VBA Variable Range

Make sure there are no chances of your data having a completely blank row or column before using this method. I've experienced lots of situations where the column length never changed and the VBA code just needed to dynamically adjust for row length. In cases like this, you may not want to write lines to look for the last column. The below code shows you how to adjust a ranges row length dynamically. Note: You could also use the LastRow calculation used in Method 2 instead of the Find calculation shown below.

Examples could be:. There are many, many more examples of this and I'm am sure you can think of a few examples yourself.

Let me know in the comments section below how you use resizing a range in your macro code! Also, if you can think of any other ways to use VBA code to resize your ranges automatically, post your coding method in the comments section so we can improve the current list. I look forward to reading about your experiences. Chances are this post did not give you the exact answer you were looking for.Variables are the heart and soul of any big VBA projects since variables are heart and soul then the kind of data type we assign to them is also a very important factor in that regard.

In our many earlier articles, we have discussed plenty of times about variables and their data type importance. Range object in this case. For example assume you want to select the range of cells from A2 to B10 for the below screenshot image. To select this mentioned range of cells all these while we have RANGE object and inside the range object, we have mentioned the cell address in double-quotes. Once the range of cells is mentioned using RANGE object if you put dot we would see all the properties and methods associated with this range object.

As you can see above we can see all the properties and methods of range object like the previous one. Now we know how to set the reference to the range of cells, but once we mention the range of cells it sticks to those cells only, any addition or deletion of cells will not impact those cells.

So, finding the new range of cells after any addition or deletion of cells makes the variable dynamic in nature. This is possible by finding the last used row and column. To find the last used row and column we need to define two more variables.

Excel VBA Basics #9 - Declaring variables with DIM and using SET to abbreviate worksheet name

I have mentioned Cells 1,1 i. I have added three extra lines of data if I run the code now it should select the latest data range. Here we discuss examples of range variables in excel VBA and how to makes the variable dynamic in nature. You can learn more about VBA functions from the following articles —.

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Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Login details for this Free course will be emailed to you. Free Excel Course. Excel VBA Variable in Range Variables are the heart and soul of any big VBA projects since variables are heart and soul then the kind of data type we assign to them is also a very important factor in that regard. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.In VBA, an object is a core of the excel because without objects we cannot do anything.

Objects are Workbook, Worksheet, and Range. When we declare a variable we need to assign a data type to it and we can also assign objects as data types. For example assume you want to use the range A1 to D5 quite often. Using this variable we can access to all the properties and methods of this range. It works exactly the same as the worksheet object as well. Now by using this variable, we can do all the things associated with it. Take a look at the below two sets of code.

This makes the code so lengthy and requires a lot of time to type. As part of the huge code, it is frustrating to type the worksheet name like this every time you need to reference the worksheet.

The moment we set the worksheet name we can see the variable name while entering the code as part of the list. When we work with different workbooks it is so hard to type in the full name of the workbook along with its file extension.

Using this variable we can actually access all the properties and methods associated with the workbook.

excel vba set range variable

This makes the writing of the code lot simpler and also once the workbook name it set there is a worry of typo error of the workbook names. This has been a guide to VBA Set. Here we learn how to use excel vba set statement to reference the object variable along with some simple to advanced examples. Below are some useful excel articles related to VBA —. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Login details for this Free course will be emailed to you. Free Excel Course. Popular Course in this category. View Course. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.If you prefer you can use the table of contents below to go to a section of your choice. Topics covered include Offset propertyreading values between cellsreading values to arrays and formatting cells. If you are a member of the VBA Vaultthen click on the image below to access the webinar and the associated source code.

Worksheet.Range property (Excel)

Note: Website members have access to the full webinar archive. Cells are by far the most important part of Excel. These can cause confusion as they do similar things and can lead to confusion.

Using Value may truncate number if the cell is formatted as currency. It is better to use Value2 as it will always return the actual cell value see this article from Charle Williams.

The Range property takes the same argument that most Excel Worksheet functions take e.

excel vba set range variable

As you can see Range is a member of the worksheet which in turn is a member of the Workbook. This follows the same hierarchy as in Excel so should be easy to understand. For the rest of this post I will use the code name to reference the worksheet. The following code shows the above example using the code name of the worksheet i. Sheet1 instead of ThisWorkbook.

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You can download working examples of all the code from this post from the top of this article. There are two differences. The example below shows you how to write values to cells using both the Range and Cells property. You may be wondering when you should use Cells and when you should use Range. Using Range is useful for accessing the same cells each time the Macro runs. For example, if you were using a Macro to calculate a total and write it to cell A10 every time then Range would be suitable for this task.

Using the Cells property is useful if you are accessing a cell based on a number that may vary. It is easier to explain this with an example. In the following code, we ask the user to specify the column number. Using Cells gives us the flexibility to use a variable number for the column. In the above example, we are using a number for the column rather than a letter.Keep in touch and stay productive with Teams and Officeeven when you're working remotely.

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I would like, in VBA, to define a range that is variable, which I will use to perform a screencapture copy. Try the following. Did this solve your problem? Yes No. Sorry this didn't help.

excel vba set range variable

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Thanks for your feedback, it helps us improve the site. How satisfied are you with this response? This site in other languages x.Returns a Range object that represents a cell or a range of cells. Cell1 and Cell2 can be A1-style references in the language of the macro.

The range references can include the range operator a colonintersection operator a spaceor union operator a comma. They can also include dollar signs, which are ignored. A local defined name can be a range reference. If you use a name, the name is assumed to be in the language of the macro. Cell1 and Cell2 can be Range objects that contain a single cell, column, row, or any other range of cells.

Often, Cell1 and Cell2 are single cells in the upper-left and lower-right corners of the range returned. When used without an object qualifier, this property is a shortcut for ActiveSheet. Range it returns a range from the active sheet; if the active sheet isn't a worksheet, the property fails. When applied to a Range object, the property is relative to the Range object.

For example, if the selection is cell C3, Selection. Range "B1" returns cell D3 because it is relative to the Range object returned by the Selection property.

On the other hand, the code ActiveSheet. Range "B1" always returns cell B1. This example loops on cells A1:D10 on Sheet1 of the active workbook. If one of the cells has a value less than 0. This example loops on the range named TestRange and displays the number of empty cells in the range.

This example sets the font style in cells A1:C5 on Sheet1 of the active workbook to italic.

VBA Variable Range

The example uses Syntax 2 of the Range property. This example compares the Worksheet. Range property, the Application. Union method, and the Application. Intersect method. Have questions or feedback about Office VBA or this documentation? Please see Office VBA support and feedback for guidance about the ways you can receive support and provide feedback.

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