Category: Victorian era houses


Victorian era houses

By Tegrel

In Great Britain and former British coloniesa Victorian house generally means any house built during the reign of Queen Victoria. During the Industrial Revolutionsuccessive housing booms resulted in the building of many millions of Victorian houses which are now a defining feature of most British towns and cities. In the UK, Victorian houses follow a wide range of architectural styles. Starting from the early classicism inherited from Regency architecturethe Italianate style gained influence in the and s, and the Gothic Revival style became prevalent by the s.

Later in the Victorian erathe Queen Anne style and the Arts and Crafts movement increased in influence, resulting in the transition to styles typically seen in Edwardian houses. Victorian houses are also found in many former British colonies where the style might be adapted to local building materials or customs, for example in SydneyAustralia and MelakaMalaysia.

Early in the Victorian era, up to the s houses were still influenced by the classicism of Regency styles. However the simplicity of Regency classicism fell out of favour as affluence increased and by the s the Italianate style influenced domestic architecture which now incorporated varying quantities of stucco.

victorian era houses

From the s domestic buildings also became increasingly influenced by the Gothic Revivalincorporating features such as pointed, projecting porches, bay windowsand grey slate. In addition to general architectural influences, this progressive change in style resulted from several other factors.

In the s, the abolition of tax on glass and bricks made these items cheaper yet a suitable material and the coming of the railway allowed them to be manufactured elsewhere, at low cost and to standard sizes and methods, and brought to site. There was also progressive introduction from the s of various building regulations. In Victorian times, population growth, and the Industrial Revolution which saw a migration of workers from the countryside to the cities, resulted in successive housing booms in the s and s that saw the creation of millions of houses.

These catered not only for the rich and the new "middling-classes" but also for the poor. In deprived areas, Victorian houses were often very small, for example, back-to-back houses built in extremely cramped conditions. Some of these areas became slums or 'rookeries', and were later cleared. Some smaller, two-up two-down houses still survive, for example in Salford, Greater Manchester. Victorian houses for the middle classes and upwards tended to have accommodation for servants, often employed to carry out the considerable labour required to keep the house, including its fireplaces, clean and well stocked.

Victorian houses of the middle and upper classes aspired to follow the purest forms of contemporary architecture, for example, the Gothic Revival or Queen Anne styles. The Victorian eratogether with the Edwardian era was the last sustained period in which great houses were built in large numbers.

Victorian-era homes in eastern American cities tend to be three stories and those in western American cities tend to be two-story houses or one-story cottages.There is something so enchanting about a Victorian home. Yet, beauty has its price: With their incredible details and often tight floor plans, a Victorian isn't an easy property to keep up.

They don't lend themselves well to conversions — or to the "openness" so many demand in a modern home. Therefore, these exquisite homes take a specific type of person. One who, for instance, appreciates craftsmanship and the quirks of a long-ago era.

As a result, there are a few consistent things we've found in Victorian homes. Here's but a few. Whether they frame a window or trim a graceful arch, these flourishes ensure that no two Victorians are exactly alike. Plus, they're likely the storybook-like details that first prompted your love affair with Victorian homes in the first place. Double swoon points if the gingerbread accents boast a cheery color that contrasts with the rest of the exterior.

A candy-colored exterior isn't a requirement for owning a regal Victorian though, frankly, we do encourage it. But it's basically the only type of home you can paint in without getting some serious side-eye from your neighbors. The old wood treads have a beautiful patina, but they can just be so squeaky. It's also likely that the staircase has a graceful banister that's just begging for someone to slide right down.

The Victorians might have been a little repressed, but we can't say that they were subtle. Today, this type of craftsmanship will run you a pretty penny — and likely hours of research to find a builder who might even attempt it. Victorian homes can be a little, well, cramped and rigid. Even if there are plenty of windows, the light just doesn't seem to make an impact in many of the rooms. The upside? You can get creative with sconces, chandeliers, and lamps.

Whether it's the grand dining room table, the stately moldings, or an imposing portrait of a disapproving ancestor, Victorian decor holds you to a higher standard. These are the type of spaces where one feels positively naked without a jacket.V ictorian houses are architecturally commonly referred to as the Victorian Style but this "style" is really a period in history. The Victorian era roughly corresponds to the time when Queen Victoria ruled Britain to During this time, industrialization brought many innovations in architecture.

There is a wide variety of Victorian styles, each with its own distinctive features. Victorian: Folk. View Active Victorian House Listings.

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Use Advanced Search. About our mailing list. Specific Victorian House Examples. Victorian House Links. Victorian House Books and Magazines. Resource No. Presents a dazzling orgy of Victoriana inside and out with more than color photographs of Painted Ladies across the country.

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Victorian architectural historian and longtime SF resident Randolph Delehanty and photographer Richard Sexton provide a pictorial and historical overview of this timeless look. Author William B. Tuthill — is best known as the architect of Carnegie Hall; he also lectured at Columbia University, was a founder of the Architectural League of New York, and served on the Art Commission of Chicago's Columbian Exposition.

Woodward The widespread interest in constructing and restoring Victorian homes makes this a must-have volume for today's builders, homeowners, architects, and preservationists. It offers an abundance of authentic, finely detailed plans and designs for a variety of Victorian residences. Invaluable to architects, home restorers, and preservationists; of immense interest to lovers of Victorian architecture. This pocket source book is bursting with images of original and well restored Victorian features, making it the ideal handy reference for the home owner.

The Victorian House Style Sourcebook is perfect for trips to the architectural salvage yard or DIY store to identify authentic styles and colors, or simply to dip into to enjoy the best of Victorian design. Gillon Jr. Edmund Gillon has photographed and Clay Lancaster commented on remarkable but lesser-known Victorian American homes. Includes row houses, cottages, farms, summer homes. This vintage volume offers a treasure trove of floor plans, elevations, and details of residences and public buildings.

Artists, architects, and historians alike will find it an endless source of inspiration.Victorian architecture in America is not just one style, but many design styles, each with its own unique array of features. The Victorian era is that time period that matches the reign of England's Queen Victoria from to During that period, a distinct form of residential architecture was developed and became popular. Here are a few of the most popular house styles—known collectively as Victorian architecture.

victorian era houses

The developers of Victorian homes were born during the Industrial Revolution. These designers embraced new materials and technologies to create houses like no one had ever seen before. Mass-production and mass-transit the railroad system made ornamental architectural details and metal parts affordable. Victorian architects and builders applied decoration liberally, combining features borrowed from many different eras with flourishes from their own imaginations.

When you look at a house built during the Victorian era, you might see pediments which are characteristic of Greek Revival or balustrades echoing a Beaux Arts style. You may see dormer windows and other Colonial Revival details.

victorian era houses

You may also see medieval ideas such as Gothic windows and exposed trusses. And, of course, you'll find lots of brackets, spindles, scrollwork and other machine-made building parts.

Victorian-era architecture was emblematic of the new American ingenuity and prosperity. During the s when the Victorian era was just gearing up, Italianate style houses became the hot new trend. The style spread quickly across the United States via widely-published Victorian pattern books, many still available in reprints.

With low roofs, wide eaves, and ornamental brackets, Victorian Italianate houses are reminiscent of an Italian Renaissance villa. Some even sport a romantic cupola on the roof. Medieval architecture and the great cathedrals of the Gothic age inspired all sorts of flourishes during the Victorian era. Builders gave houses arches, pointed windows with diamond-shaped panes, and other elements borrowed from the Middle Ages.

Diagonal window muntins—dominant vertical dividers in the windows, as seen here on the Pendleton House—are typical of the 17th century Post-Medieval English or First Period style homes built by English colonists, such as seen on the Paul Revere house in Boston.

Some Victorian Gothic Revival homes are grand stone buildings like miniature castles. Others are rendered in wood. Small wooden cottages with Gothic Revival features are called Carpenter Gothic and are very popular even today. Rounded towers, pediments, and expansive porches give Queen Anne architecture regal airs.

But the style has nothing to do with British royalty, and Queen Anne houses do not resemble buildings from the medieval times of the English Queen Anne.

Instead, Queen Anne architecture expresses the exuberance and inventiveness of industrial-age builders. Study the style and you'll discover several different sub-types, proving that there's no end to the variety of Queen Anne styles. Folk Victorian is a generic, vernacular Victorian style. Builders added spindles or Gothic windows to simple square and L-shaped buildings. A creative carpenter with a newly-invented jigsaw may have created complicated trim, but look beyond the fancy dressing and you'll see a no-nonsense farmhouse right there beyond the architectural detail.

Often built in coastal areas, Shingle Style homes are rambling and austere. But, the simplicity of the style is deceptive. These large, informal homes were adopted by the wealthy for lavish summer homes.

Amazingly, a Shingle Style house isn't always sided with shingles! Stick style houses are, as the name implies, decorated with intricate stickwork and half-timbering.During the 19th century there were many distinct styles of actual Victorian homes, ranging from seaside cottages to Italianate villas, Queen Anne cottages to romantic stone castles, brownstones, octagon houses, and mansard-roofed mansions.

Victorian house styles were the product of an era rather than a specific idea about house design, resulting in a variety of both interior and exterior layouts and uses of material. In Victorian America, people placed great importance on the style, size and decoration of their homes, always striving to over-achieve and impress. Mass-production and factory-made building parts carried over a system of rail lines enabled the building of large, elaborate, affordable houses throughout America.

The features of Victorian house architecture were more eclectic and diverse in nature as opposed to owning rigid and exclusive characteristics. There were no single set of features which specifically defined the Victorian house. Pictures of Victorian houses, such as the Carson Mansion, will illustrate the endless combinations of structural characteristics of Victorian architecture in American residences.

Labels such as Queen Anne, Italianate or Eastlake are terms which refer to the use of certain decorative elements, but not necessarily an indication of a specific Victorian architectural style.

You will find that many Victorian houses are a combination of several style traits. See the Carson Mansion - the ultimate Victorian. Roseland Cottage, located in Woodstock CT, epitomizes the Gothic Revival architecture of with its steep gables, decorative bargeboards, and ornamented chimney pots.

The most common features include:. Castle-style towers and turrets on high-style houses e. Hammond House architectural drawings. A photo of The Abbey John B. This is a notable Gothic Revival clapboard villa with elaborate trim designed by Architect Stephen Button.

The Victorian house features lancet-arched windows, square casements, polygonal bay window, rectangular windows; Tudor-arched entrances; drip-stones; elaborate bargeboards; patterned shingles and siding on gable ends. Architectural drawings of this Gothic Revival. The 19th century Italianate architecture James Ryan Mansion features 10 private baths, 12 marble fireplaces and parquet floors.

Like the Gothic Revival, the Italianate or Italian Villa style featured picturesque and romantic architectural elements. The Italianate style was fashioned after the medieval farmhouses and villas of the Italian countryside.

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This style house was designed to fit naturally into their rustic settings and were irregularly shaped. Villas appealed to the tastes of the middle class which was rising to affluence in America. The Italianate style Bauer Mansion, constructed of red bricks with low pitched roof, corner quoins and elaborate surrounds on windows and door.

The two-story Ferrell-Holt House, built in the Italianate style infeatures an almost flat low-pitched roof and elaborate window surrounds. This architectural style, with its popularity peaking between andoriginated in France.

Some of the great hotels built in the late Victorian era featured these architectural elements. It was found on not only the mansions of the wealthy but on ordinary housesincluding row houses in American cities. Characteristics of the Second Empire include:. The predominantly red brick Second Empire style building under a mansard roof was built between and It is considered one of the finest examples of Second Empire architecture in the State of West Virginia. Mansard Roofs on historic row houses in Washington, D.

Victorian house

The peak period of the Queen Anne style was —, and Richard Norman Shaw and other English architects are credited with advocating its widespread success. Samuel S. The mansion boasts Queen Anne features: steeply pitched roof, towers, turrets, balconies, spacious porches and bold paint colors. Bloch himself. Also located on the estate were a home for the grounds keeper, a small playhouse used by the Bloch children, a well that furnished fresh spring water to the estate, and a bungalow which was chiefly used by Jesse and Harold Bloch to entertain college friends.

This 19th century structure is an exceptional example of the Queen Anne style of Victorian architecture.The historical gems in today's round-up are just dripping with all the things we love about the Victorian era: fanciful ornament, whimsical porches, tall turrets, and towers. If one thing is for sure, the Victorians knew how to get playful when it came to architecture! Whatever your price range, there's a Victorian dream house out there waiting for you.

This 4,square-foot Victorian home is certainly photogenic! We're ogling the Mansard roof and the wealth of original detail.

It needs a bit of TLC, but the added work will earn you a lifetime of relaxation on that picture-perfect porch.

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More Information: White House Realty. At just over 1, square feet, this little painted lady packs a lot of punch! Really, now, isn't this the most adorable thing you've seen all day?

Once you've scooped your jaw off the floor, take a moment to absorb everything wonderful about this stunning Kansas home. It's got it all: original woodwork, five fireplaces, and pocket doors. Plus, talk about curb appeal!

Victorian House Styles

Barber was known to get playful with his styling, and this home exudes everything about what makes his work so desirable. This Queen Anne marvel is known as the Birdwood Estate, but we prefer to call it "Victorian perfection. If you tire of staying inside but really, how could you?

With a little vision and TLC, the right person could make this treasure shine. Boasting original doors, an s-era staircase and the most intricately-detailed porch we've ever laid eyes on, this is Victorian whimsy at its absolute finest. This picture really speaks for itself, doesn't it? Middletown's mayor lived in this home over the century ago, and it's not tough to see why.

The porches are some of the most eclectic we've ever come across, and the interior is dripping with Victorian-era appeal. Just beautiful! More Information: Weichert Realtors. Welcome to Urbana, OH where the Victorian homes come complete with gorgeous brickwork and beautiful walnut-laden interiors!

Built circathis stately home is in excellent condition. We're especially fond of the antique fireplaces and historical light fixtures found throughout.Edwardian houses are long spacious houses which can accommodate several people in them.

They stand for luxury, elegance, and aristocracy. You will come across these Edwardian houses while travelling along the outskirt regions of the towns and cities of England.

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These houses are a perfect place for the accommodation of families. In the Edwardian age, big families constituting of many members used to reside in these houses. The values of these houses have been treasured in time.

Even in this era, they are looked upon as perfect houses to dwell in by families. Some of the old Edwardian houses are regarded as antique properties.

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The trend of constructing Edwardian houses started from The number of household servant increases in numbers and electricity became a readily available commodity during the Edwardian era. Therefore, people adopted modern style of accommodation. The Edwardian houses were an outcome of this trend. The Edwardian houses constituted of 2 storeys that were partly detached from one another.

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The rooms in these houses were considerably less in numbers but they were more spacious and airy. The interiors of an Edwardian house include a big hallway which is laden with a beautiful carpet. The staircase is really wide. The walls have paintings hanging from them. The middle class people built houses in the outskirts of the towns and used to commute daily to the cities via railways.

Till date Edwardian houses are located in the outskirts of the prominent cities. These houses are largely concentrated along the outskirts of the major towns like Bristol in Clifton to be more specificManchester Victoria parkBirmingham EdgbastonLeeds Headingley and throughout London city. Edwardian houses can also be found along the sea sides.

You will locate a belt of these houses along the coastal regions of Bournemouth, Eastbourne, Brighton, and also in Hove. Edwardian porches were pretty famed. It was massively important to have a porch on the front of the house during this time.

If you did not have a porch, you would not be accepted in community. A porch is a structure which is attached to the doorway or vestibule to form a covered entrance to a building.

victorian era houses

They may or may not be covered by screens, windows, latticework or light frame walls.